Home > General > Finnish Equilibration Study Supports Preventative Role

Finnish Equilibration Study Supports Preventative Role

A 4-year study comparing 2 groups of Finnish females, one of which had occlusal equilibration and a control group that had adjustments to non-occluding tooth surfaces, has been published in the European Journal of Orthodontics.

The equilibrated group requested significantly less treatment for problems affecting the head and neck region compared with the control group over the four years of the study.

This result is at odds with conventional wisdom and supports the use of occlusal equilibration as a preventative measure.

European Journal of Orthodontics. 2009 Oct;31(5):490-5.

Health risk from occlusal interferences in females.

Kirveskari P, Jämsä T

Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku, Finland. penkir@utu.fi

The purpose of the present study was to test the effect of elimination of occlusal interferences on the incidence of requests for treatment of symptoms in the head and cervicobrachial region. One hundred and twelve females 45 years of age or under, were randomly divided into a treatment group (n = 54) and a control group (n = 58). The former underwent occlusal adjustment and the latter grinding that did not affect occlusal contacts. The treatments were repeated every 12 months over a period of 4 years. The outcome variable was a spontaneous request for treatment. Statistical analyses included chi-square tests for categorical variables and a t- or Wilcoxon ranked sum test for continuous variables. Poisson regression was used to compare the risk of seeking treatment between the groups. The cumulative incidence rate of treatment requests was 2/54 in the treatment group and 11/58 in the control group. The relative risk was 5.12. The 95 per cent confidence limits were 1.14 and 23.1, respectively. The difference between groups was statistically significant (P = 0.0336). Systematic elimination of occlusal interferences significantly reduced the incidence of requests for treatment of symptoms in the head and cervicobrachial region. This is in contrast with the view that there is no, or at best, an insignificant health risk from occlusal interferences.

  1. Matt Clover
    February 25, 2010 at 11:38 pm

    I read this paper last year. Very interesting, although a small sample size! Looking forward to learning more about this very soon!

  2. February 25, 2010 at 11:55 pm

    It’s not something we routinely teach Matt because it’s frowned upon in some circles, but experience has convinced me that routine equilibration has a generally preventative effect in the longer term. It would be nice to see more long-term studies like this with bigger sample sizes, but ethical approval and recruiting suitable operators and cohorts might be very difficult.

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